Cultural Facts about Nepal

  • Apr 24, 2023
  • Prathana

Nepal is full of a rich and unique culture. The way of life in Nepal is prosperous and impressive. The social heritage of Nepal has grown throughout the long duration. This multi-dimensional heritage incorporates the varieties of Nepal's ethnic, traditional, and social communities, and it appears in music and dance; arts and crafts; legends and folktales; language and literature; philosophy and religion; celebrations and festivity; foods and beverages.

Nepalis are profoundly faithful to their nationality and culture. They are exceptionally proud that their nation has never been colonized. The Gurkhas (Nepali troopers) keep on being exceptionally appreciated for their part in playing a famous role in fighting the British off. Nepalis know the value and magnificence of their property. The way of life is confounding with numerous religious traditions, ceremonies, celebrations, parades, and local mysteries.

The culture of Nepal was enunciated as a secular country by the Parliament on May 18, 2006. Religions practiced in Nepal are Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism, Bon, ancestor worship, and animism. Most Nepalis are either Hindus or Buddhism. The two have coincided in amicability for hundreds of years. Customs and traditions differ from one part of Nepal to the next. Unity lies in the capital city of Kathmandu where societies are mixing to formulate a national identity. Kathmandu Valley has sufficed as the country's cultural city since the unification of Nepal in the eighteenth century. The prominent element in a Nepali's daily existence is religion. Adding shading to the existence of Nepalis are celebrations all year which they celebrate with much grandeur and delight.

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Hindu Nepalis worship antiquated Vedic gods. Bramha the Creator, Vishnu the Preserver, and Shiva the Destroyer, are revered as the Supreme Hindu Trinity. Individuals go to the Shiva Linga or the phallic image of Lord Shiva in most Shiva sanctuaries. Shakti, the dynamic component of the female partner of Shiva, is profoundly worshipped and dreaded.

Mahadevi, Mahakali, Bhagabati, and Ishwari are a portion of the names given. Kumari, the Virgin Goddess, additionally addresses Shakti. Other well-known gods are Ganesh for good luck, Saraswati for knowledge, Lakshmi for wealth, and Hanuman for protection. Krishna is worshipped as the human manifestation of Lord Vishnu and is additionally revered broadly. Hindu sacred scripts Bhagawat Gita, Ramayan, and Mahabharat are broadly read in Nepal. Vedas, Upanishads, and other sacred scripts are read by very scholarly Brahmin Pandits during special events.


The diversity in Nepal accounts for different arrangements of customs. The majority of these traditions go back to the Hindu, Buddhist, or other religious customs. Among them, the guidelines of marriage are especially fascinating. Traditional marriages are arranged by guardians after the kids grow up. Nepalis don't eat beef. There are a few reasons behind this, one of the majors is that the Hindus worship the cow. The cow is additionally the national animal of Nepal. One more intriguing idea among Nepalis is the division between pure and impure. "Jutho" refers to food or material contacted by another's mouth straightforwardly or indirectly and is considered impure by Nepalis

Nepalis consider cow manure to be pure and holy for the end goal of purifying. During this period ladies are considered impure and consequently, are kept in isolation until their fourth-day refinement bath. Nepal follows a patriarchal tendency. Men generally go out to work while ladies are homemakers. In any case, in metropolitan areas, jobs can contrast. Most Nepalis submit to the station framework in living propensities and marriage. Provincial Nepal is for the most part agrarian, while certain parts of metropolitan life convey the glitz and glamour of the super present-day world.


Nepal doesn't have a specific cooking style. Nonetheless, food tendencies vary contingent upon the area. Nepali food has a favorable influence on Indian and Tibetan styles of cooking. Real Nepali flavor is found in Newari and Thakali foods. Most Nepalis don't utilize cutlery however eat with their right hand. The regular Nepali supper is dal (lentil soup), bhat (simmered rice), and tarkari (vegetable curry), regularly accompanied by achar (pickle). 

Curried meat is extremely famous, however, it is put something aside for unique events, as it is generally more costly. Momos (steamed or seared dumplings) merit notice as perhaps the most famous nibble among Nepali. Rotis (flat bread) and dhido (boiled flour) additionally make suppers in certain homes and cultures of Nepal.

Language and Literature 

The Nepali language was developed during the Vedic Period. A lot of words are imported from the Sanskrit language and Vedas. History shows that the Nepali language was risen out of the Karnali area as Khas Kura or language. A few stone inscriptions and copper inscriptions found in the Karnali region are pieces of evidence of the Khas language. The immense territory of the Sen state from the ancient period aided in spreading the Nepali language from east to west. 

 In Nepal, there was an excess of 90 languages spoken previously. But now, some have vanished, and some are on the edge of extinction. Some Nepali languages are Tibeto-Burman, and others are indo European. Gurung, Magar, Sherpa, Thakali, Rai, Limbu, etc. are Tibeto-Burmese languages, and Nepali, Hindi, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, etc. are Indo-European languages. Thus, Nepal is a multi-lingual country. Literature and music are the country's property. These two are reflections of the past and future. An individual's internal disarrays and sentiments are repressed in the profundities of writing and 
sentiments of the music. In reality, the literary character is the creator of the human lifestyle.

Festivals and Celebration 

Nepal is a pristine land full of feasts and festivities. It is a bouquet full of diverse religions, cultures, ethnicity, and language. Visiting Nepal during the festivals is a tremendous opportunity to peek deeply into the Nepalese diverse culture and customs. Nepalese festivals are celebrated following the Nepalese lunar calendar.
Over 50 Festivals are commended in Nepal every year with massive excitement. Most festival holds religious significance, whereas some carry historical essence.

Numerous festivals are celebrated in Nepal commune with various Hindu and Buddhist divine deities. Festival Tour in Nepal gives you the vision of a rich culture full of life. These celebrations likewise help you to look deep into the social, customary, and provincial diversity of Nepal which holds an extraordinary position for every Nepalese people.

Architecture (Vastukala) of Nepal 

Vastu implies a position of dwelling. The art dealing with the dwelling is called architecture (Vastu Kala). Just like the art of painting and designing, the antiquated design of Nepal is considered phenomenal even according to the scientific perspective. Nepalese engineering is likewise viewed as vital among the cultural heritage of Nepal.

Old engineering can likewise be separated into three classifications:

A. The Pagoda Style: 

 Pagoda style implies the way of having more than one rooftop with a more extensive base and step-by-step limiting tops. Man Griha of Man dev, the sanctuary of Changu Narayan, Kailash Kut Bhawan of Amshuverma Bhadradhiwas of Narendra Dev of old times are a few superb instances of Nepales designs. Numerous Pagoda-style temples, Palaces, and buildings were built during the Malla period, Dattatraya and Nyatapole of Bhaktapur, Kastamandap of Kathmandu, and so forth are such examples. Nine story palace of Basntapur and the royal residence nuwakot built during Prithivi Narayan's time are also built in this style. Temples of Pashupatinath, Taleju, and palanchowk Bhagwati are additional instances of Pagoda style.

B. The Stupa or Chaitya Style: 

According to the Bouddha custom, the style of design having a wide base and continuously treating upwards is known as the Stupa or Chaitya Style. Emperor Ashoka is believed to have introduced this style of architecture in Nepal. Maya Devi sanctuary of Lumbini is its fine model. This style has been practiced in Nepal since ancient times. Swayambhu Nath and Bouddha Nath are superb instances of the Stupa Style. Ashok Stupa of Patan is believed to be the oldest stupa in Nepal. Charumati Chaitya of Chawahil is likewise inherent in this style.

C. The Shikhar Style: 

The Shikhar style is additionally a fine conventional design. It is tall and resembles a pyramid. There are five to Nine opposite divisions or areas at the external piece of such structures. There are Gajurs at the highest point of each segment. They are more extensive in the lower segment and become smaller at the top. Krishna Mandir of Patan and Mahabouddha are brilliant examples. Krishna Mandir was built by Siddhinarshingh Malla, a Malla king.

There are buildings and religious places built in Gumbaj Style, Mughal style, etc. in Nepal. Janaki Mandir of Janakpur is one of its noteworthy examples. There are some fine Gumbaj Style architectures, specifically in the Terai area. The 55 stories palace in Bhaktapur of the Malla period, Singha Durbar the castle of the Rana period, Kesar Mahal, Thapathali Durbar, Sri Mahal, Rani Mahal, and so forth are additionally a few fine instances of the Nepalese designs. We can see a portion of the European-style architecture in these royal residences.

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